O Programa de Pós-Graduação em Estatística convida para:
SEMINÁRIO PRESENCIAL: Modified score function for monotone likelihood in the semiparametric mixture cure model
Palestrante: Prof. Frederico Machado Almeida (EST, UnB)
Data: 28/07/2022 (Quinta-feira, )
Horário: 14:30hs Sala Multiuso (A176/7)
Local: Prédio CIC/EST
Resumo :The cure fraction models are intended to analyze lifetime data from populations where some individuals are immune to the event under study, and allow a joint estimation of the distribution related to the cured and susceptible subjects, as opposed to the usual approach ignoring the cure rate. In situations involving small sample sizes with many censored times, the detection of non-finite coefficients may arise via maximum likelihood. This phenomenon is commonly known as monotone likelihood (ML), occurring in the Cox and logistic regression models when many categorical and unbalanced covariates are present. An existing solution to prevent the issue is based on the Firth correction, originally developed to reduce the estimation bias. The method ensures finite estimates by penalizing the likelihood function. In the context of mixture cure models, the ML issue is rarely discussed in the literature; therefore, this topic can be seen as the first contribution of our paper. The second major contribution, not well addressed elsewhere, is the study of the ML issue in cure mixture modeling under the flexibility of a semiparametric framework to handle the baseline hazard. We derive the modified score function based on the Firth approach and explore finite sample size properties of the estimators via a Monte Carlo scheme. The simulation results indicate that the performance of coefficients related to the binary covariates are strongly affected to the imbalance degree. A real illustration, in the melanoma dataset, is discussed using a relatively novel data set collected in a Brazilian university hospital. Keywords: Cox regression, cure rate, em algorithm, Firth method, melanoma.
O artigo completo está disponível em: https://doi.org/10.1002/bimj.202000254